5.38 Variables in Specified Registers
GNU C allows you to put a few global variables into specified hardware
registers. You can also specify the register in which an ordinary
register variable should be allocated.
- Global register variables reserve registers throughout the program.
This may be useful in programs such as programming language
interpreters which have a couple of global variables that are accessed
- Local register variables in specific registers do not reserve the
registers. The compiler's data flow analysis is capable of determining
where the specified registers contain live values, and where they are
available for other uses. Stores into local register variables may be deleted
when they appear to be dead according to dataflow analysis. References
to local register variables may be deleted or moved or simplified.
These local variables are sometimes convenient for use with the extended
asm feature (see Extended Asm), if you want to write one
output of the assembler instruction directly into a particular register.
(This will work provided the register you specify fits the constraints
specified for that operand in the